objecting at the beginning of the meeting to the transaction of any business
because the meeting is not lawfully called or convened. Such member shall be
conclusively presumed to have assented to any action taken unless his or her
dissent shall be entered in the minutes of the meeting or unless his or her
written dissent to such action shall be filed with the person acting as the
secretary of the meeting before the adjournment thereof or shall be forwarded by
registered mail to the secretary of the corporation immediately after the
adjournment of the meeting. Such right to dissent shall not apply to any member
who voted in favor of such action.
Section 12. Action by Written Consent. Unless otherwise restricted by
the certificate of incorporation, any action required or permitted to be taken
at any meeting of the board of directors, or of any committee thereof, may be
taken without a meeting if all members of the board or committee, as the case
may be, consent thereto in writing, and the writing or writings are filed with
the minutes of proceedings of the board or committee.
Section 1. Number. The officers of the corporation shall be elected
by the board of directors and shall consist of a chairman, if any is elected, a
president, a chief executive officer, one or more vice presidents, a secretary,
a treasurer, and such other officers and assistant officers as may be deemed
necessary or desirable by the board of directors. Any number of offices may be
held by the same person, except that no person may simultaneously hold the
office of president and secretary. In its discretion, the board of directors may
choose not to fill any office for any period as it may deem advisable.
Section 2. Election and Term of Office. The officers of the corporation
shall be elected annually by the board of directors at its first meeting held
after each annual meeting of stockholders or as soon thereafter as conveniently
may be. The president shall appoint other officers to serve for such terms as he
or she deems desirable. Vacancies may be filled or new offices created and
filled at any meeting of the board of directors. Each officer shall hold office
until a successor is duly elected and qualified or until his or her earlier
death, resignation or removal as hereinafter provided.
Section 3. Removal. Any officer or agent elected by the board of
directors may be removed by the board of directors whenever in its judgment the
best interests of the corporation would be served thereby, but such removal
shall be without prejudice to the contract rights, if any, of the person so
Section 4. Vacancies. Any vacancy occurring in any office because of
death, resignation, removal, disqualification or otherwise, may be filled by the
board of directors for the unexpired portion of the term by the board of
directors then in office.