ACCESS PROVIDER: A company that provides telecommunication connection to
AMPLIFIER: A device used to compensate for signal loss caused by coaxial
cable and passive device losses.
ANALOG: Pertaining to signals in the form of continuously variable
ANALOG CHANNEL: A communication channel on which the information is
transmitted in analog form. Voice-grade channels are analog channels.
ANALOG CONVERTER: A device which converts an analog signal to a digital
BANDWIDTH: A measure of the information-carrying capacity of a
communication channel. It is the range of usable frequencies that can be carried
by a cable television system.
BASIC CABLE SERVICE: The service that cable customers receive for the
threshold fee. This service usually includes local television stations, some
distant signals and perhaps one or more non-broadcast services.
BASIC CUSTOMERS: Customers who receive basic cable service.
BASIC PROGRAMMING: Programming which includes a variety of entertainment
programming, locally originated programming and the retransmission of local
BROADBAND: Any network able to deliver a multitude of channels and/or
services to its users or customers. It generally refers to cable television
systems. Synonymous with wideband.
BROADCAST SIGNAL CARRIAGE: The transmission of broadcast television
signals over a cable system to cable customers.
CABLE: One or more electrical or optical conductors found within a
CABLE MODEM: A peripheral device attached to a personal computer that
allows the user to send and receive data over a cable system.
CABLE PROGRAMMING SERVICE TIER: Expanded basic programming, which offers
more services than basic programming.
CABLE TELEVISION: A broadband communications technology in which multiple
television channels as well as audio and video signals are transmitted either
one way or bi-directionally through a distribution system to single or multiple
CARRIAGE: The carrying of certain television station signals on the cable
CHANNEL CAPACITY: The number of channels that can be simultaneously
carried on the cable system. Generally defined in terms of the number of analog
(6 MHz) channels.
CHIPS: The physical structure upon which integrated circuits are
fabricated as components of telephone systems, computers, memory systems, etc.
CLUSTER CODES: Identifying customers by marketing type, such as young
professionals, retirees or families.
CLUSTER: Where owned cable systems are within the same geographic
proximity to other cable systems.
COAXIAL CABLE: A type of cable used for broadband data and cable systems.
Composed of a center conductor, insulating dielectric, conductive shield, and
optional protective covering, this type of cable has excellent broadband
frequency characteristics, noise immunity and physical durability. The cable is
connected from each node to individual homes or buildings. Synonymous with coax.