AVALON CABLE OF MICHIGAN HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS--(Continued)
(in thousands except per share data)
Intangible assets represent the estimated fair value of cable franchises and
goodwill resulting from acquisitions. Cable franchises are amortized over a
period ranging from 13 to 15 years on a straight-line basis. Goodwill is the
excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the net assets acquired,
determined through an independent appraisal, and is amortized over 15 years
using the straight-line method. Deferred financing costs represent direct costs
incurred to obtain long-term financing and are amortized to interest expense
over the term of the underlying debt utilizing the effective interest method.
Accounting for impairments
The Company follows the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting
Standards No. 121--"Accounting for the Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and for
Long-Lived Assets to be Disposed of" ("SFAS 121").
SFAS 121 requires that long-lived assets and certain identifiable
intangibles to be held and used by an entity be reviewed for impairment
whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount
of an asset may not be recoverable. In performing the review for
recoverability, the Company estimates the net future cash flows expected to
result from the use of the asset and its eventual disposition. If the sum of
the expected net future cash flows (undiscounted and without interest charges)
is less than the carrying amount of the asset, an impairment loss is
recognized. Measurement of an impairment loss for long-lived assets and
identifiable intangibles expected to be held and used is based on the fair
value of the asset.
No impairment losses have been recognized by the Company pursuant to SFAS
Fair value of Financial Instruments
The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value
of each class of financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate
a. The Company estimates that the fair value of all financial
instruments at December 31, 1998 does not differ materially from the
aggregate carrying values of its financial instruments recorded in the
accompanying balance sheet. The fair value of the notes payable-affiliate
are considered to be equal to carrying values since the Company believes
that its credit risk has not changed from the time this debt instrument was
executed and therefore, would obtain a similar rate in the current market.
b. The fair value of the cash and temporary cash investments
approximates fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments.
The Company and Mercom file separate consolidated federal income tax
returns. The Company accounts for income taxes using Statement of Financial
Accounting Standards No. 109--"Accounting for Income Taxes". The statement
requires the use of an asset and liability approach for financial reporting
purposes. The asset and liability approach requires the recognition of deferred
tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of
temporary differences between financial reporting basis and tax basis of assets
and liabilities. If it is more likely than not that some portion or all of a
deferred tax asset will not be realized, a valuation allowance is recognized.