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|CHARTER COMMUNICATIONS, INC. /MO/ filed this Form 8-K on 05/27/2015|
Use of Non-GAAP Financial Metrics
Charter uses certain measures that are not defined by Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) to evaluate various aspects of its business. Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, net loss or cash flows from operating activities reported in accordance with GAAP. This term, as defined by Charter, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies.
Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net loss plus net interest expense, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, stock compensation expense, loss on derivative instruments, net and other operating expenses, such as merger and acquisition costs, special charges and (gain) loss on sale or retirement of assets. As such, it eliminates the significant non-cash depreciation and amortization expense that results from the capital-intensive nature of Charters businesses as well as other non-cash or special items, and is unaffected by the Charters capital structure or investment activities. However, this measure is limited in that it does not reflect the periodic costs of certain capitalized tangible and intangible assets used in generating revenues and the cash cost of financing. These costs are evaluated through other financial measures.
Charter uses Adjusted EBITDA to assess its performance and its ability to service its debt, fund operations and make additional investments with internally generated funds. In addition, Adjusted EBITDA generally correlates to the leverage ratio calculation under Charters credit facilities or outstanding notes to determine compliance with the covenants contained in the credit facilities and notes (all such documents have been previously filed with the SEC). For the purpose of calculating compliance with leverage covenants, Charter uses Adjusted EBITDA, as presented, excluding certain expenses paid by Charters operating subsidiaries to other Charter entities. Charters debt covenants refer to these expenses as management fees which fees were in the amount of $76 million and $64 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.